Historical European Martial Arts (HEMA) is in keeping with reading source material to recreate the lost martial arts of Europe. Even as reading the treatises and performing depicted techniques helps keep in mind HEMA, there may be more to it. The sources were not written and illustrated in a vacuum, but reasonably in a wealthy and complicated world. Historical European Martial Arts in its Context places the sources in a time and place with details about single-combat, duels, tournaments, self-defense, war in addition to the Masters and their treatises. Richard Marsden approaches the ‘why’ in the back of the treatises and delves into Europe’s martial culture from the 14th through 18th century. HEMA is thus explored on the blood-soaked fields of battle, at midnight alleys of dangerous cities, and under the shade of trees where illicit duels could be fought.