Folk tales of the Shaolin Temple depict warrior monks with superhuman abilities. As of late, dozens of East Asian fighting styles trace their roots back to the Buddhist brawlers of Shaolin, even if any quest for the actual story soon wanders into a labyrinth of forgeries, secret texts and brand new retellings.
This new study approaches the martial arts from their origins in military exercises and callisthenics. It examines a wealthy folklore from old wuxia tales of crime-fighting heroes to brand new kung fu movies. Centre stage is given to the stories that martial artists tell themselves about themselves, with accounts (both factual and fictional) of famous practitioners including China’s Yim Wing-chun, Wong Fei-hong, and Ip Man, in addition to Japanese counterparts such as Kano Jigoro, Itosu Anko and So Doshin.
The history of martial arts encompasses secret societies and spiritual rebels, with intimate glimpses of the histories of China, Korea and Japan, their conflicts and transformations. The book also charts the migration of martial arts to america and beyond. Special attention is paid to the turmoil of the twentieth century, the cross-cultural influence of Japanese colonies in Asia, and the post-war upward thrust of martial arts in sport and entertainment – including the legacy of Bruce Lee, the predicament of the ninja and the global audience for martial arts in fiction.